After some time, I thought id make up a list of SSH commands, So
heres the list. Hope this helps people. ls -a Displays all
files, including hidden

ls -l Displays all files, along with the size and timestamp

tar -zxpf Uncompresses tar.gz files

tar -xpf Uncompresses .tar files

gunzip Uncompresses .gz files

cp Copies a file to a new file

mv Moves a file to a new file, or rename

mkdir

Creates a directory

rmdir

Deletes a directory

rm Deletes a file

rm -rf

Deletes a directory

cd

Moves to a directory

cd .. Moves to a lower directory

cd ~ Moves to your home directory

cd – Moves to the previous directory

pwd Displays the current directory

pico Edits a file

ftp Connect to a FTP server

lynx View a webpage

df Displays the hard drive stats

quota Displays your quota

uptime Displays the uptime of the server

uname -a Displays the operating system stats

whoami Displays your info

who Displays others connected to the server

last Displays the last login

whereis Tells where a file is located

BitchX IRC Client

mail Check your email

ps -x Displays processes your running

ps -a Displays all processes running

ps -ux Displays running processes, with CPU/Memory usage

kill Kills a process

kill -9 Kills an eggdrop process

killall Kills all running process of the same type

whatis Description of commands

man Displays help on the command

nano Same as Pico

Top – gives an overall view of what is going on with the server
including memory usage, server load and running processes “q” to
exit top

sar -q gives a report of the process list, 1 minute and 5 minute
average load every 10 minutes since midnight server time

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tar -zcf filename.tar.gz file Tars up the file or directory of
your choice, replace filename.tar.gz with the name you want your
tar file to have…with the tar.gz extension on the end and
replace file with the file or directory you want to tar up. Can
also use a path/to/file for both.

updatedb – Updates the locate/search DB netstat -n -p Useful to
see who is connected to your server, this also resolves
hostnames to IP addresses and the -p switch shows you what each
person connected is doing and provides a PID for it if there is
one… useful if you need to kill something

find / -user username Replace username with a username of one of
your account to find all the files that belong to them. Also
useful to add the |more switch so you can scroll one screen at a
time. Ever have a client who seems to show a lot more files than
are actually in their home directory? This is how you find those
files and fix them. Common problem is cpmove files that don’t
get properly deleted and get added to a users account.

/scripts/pkgacct2 username Replace username with a user on your
system. This should be done from the home directory. Useful for
manually backing up an account if whm copy account doesn’t work.
Then just move (mv) the file to a home directory accessible via
the web and chown user.user filename and chmod to 750 or 755 and
you can wget it from a different server if need be

/scripts/restorepkg username Once you’ve got the file and need
to unpack it you use this command. The file should be in the
/home directory to use this though. Remember username not
cpmove-username.tar.gz

netstat -n -p Useful to see who is connected to your server,
this also resolves hostnames to IP addresses and the -p switch
shows you what each person connected is doing and provides a PID
for it if there is one… useful if you need to kill something

/scripts/restorepkg username Once you’ve got the file and need
to unpack it you use this command. The file should be in the
/home directory to use this though. Remember folks….
username…. not cpmove-username.tar.gz

–help Such as tar –help, similar to man it digs up info on any
given command.

tail -10 filename gives you the last 10 lines of a file. Can
change the # to whatever you want.

cp -R fileordirectory path/to/destination. the -R allows you to
copy an entire directory to somewhere else.

kill -9 not just for eggdrops… it’s called a “hard kill” and
handy for killing off any stubborn process that refuses to die.

tar -zcf filename.tar.gz file Tars up the file or directory of
your choice, replace filename.tar.gz with the name you want your
tar file to have…with the tar.gz extension on the end and
replace file with the file or directory you want to tar up. Can
also use a path/to/file for both.

RESTART SERVICES: service (service name) restart

Stop a service: service (service name) stop

Start a service: service (service name) start

Status (doesn’t work on all): service (service name) status

On a RedHat CPanel server, here are the useful services: bandmin
chkservd cpanel crond exim httpd mysql named proftpd
/scripts/adddns Add a Dns Entry

/scripts/addfpmail Install Frontpage Mail Exts

/scripts/addservlets Add JavaServlets to an account (jsp plugin
required)

/scripts/adduser Add a User

/scripts/admin Run WHM Lite

/scripts/apachelimits Add Rlimits (cpu and mem limits) to apache

/scripts/dnstransfer Resync with a master DNS Server

/scripts/editquota Edit A User’s Quota

/scripts/finddev Search For Trojans in /dev

/scripts/findtrojans Locate Trojan Horses

/scripts/findtrojans < /var/log/trojans

/scripts/fixtrojans < /var/log/trojans

/scripts/fixcartwithsuexec Make Interchange work with suexec

/scripts/fixinterchange Fix Most Problems with Interchange

/scripts/fixtrojans Run on a trojans horse file created by
findtrojans to remove them

/scripts/fixwebalizer Run this if a user's stats stop working

/scripts/fixvaliases Fix a broken valias file

/scripts/hdparamify Turn on DMA and 32bit IDE hard drive access
(once per boot)

/scripts/initquotas Re-scan quotas. Usually fixes Disk space
display problems

/scripts/initsuexec Turn on SUEXEC (probably a bad idea)

/scripts/installzendopt Fetch + Install Zend Optimizer

/scripts/ipusage Display Ipusage Report

/scripts/killacct Terminate an Account

/scripts/killbadrpms Delete "Security Problem Infested RPMS"

/scripts/mailperm Fix Various Mail Permission Problems

/scripts/mailtroubleshoot Attempt to Troubleshoot a Mail Problem

/scripts/mysqlpasswd Change a Mysql Password

/scripts/quicksecure Kill Potential Security Problem Services

/scripts/rebuildippool Rebuild Ip Address Pool

/scripts/remdefssl Delete Nasty SSL entry in apache default
httpd.conf

/scripts/restartsrv Restart a Service (valid services:
httpd,proftpd,exim,sshd,cppop,bind,mysql)

/scripts/rpmup Syncup Security Updates from RedHat/Mandrake

/scripts/runlogsnow Force a webalizer/analog update

/scripts/secureit Remove non-important suid binaries

/scripts/setupfp4 Install Frontpage 4+ on an account

/scripts/simpleps Return a Simple process list. Useful for
finding where cgi scripts are running from

/scripts/suspendacct Suspend an account

/scripts/sysup Syncup Cpanel RPM Updates

/scripts/ulimitnamed RH 6 only. Install a version of bind to
handle many many zones

/scripts/unblockip Unblock an IP

/scripts/unsuspendacct UnSuspend an account

/scripts/upcp Update Cpanel

/scripts/updatenow Update /scripts

/scripts/wwwacct Create a New Account

CRON INFO: Root crontab: crontab -e

To edit a users cron jobs: crontab -u username -e Replace
username with the actual username of the client you want to edit.

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