There we were, me and my new fishing apprentice at the lake. I was teaching him the rudiments of handling the rod and putting the bait and we were trying to catch a lake trout while discussing everything from sports to the most effective technique to escape from boring clothes-shopping with our wives. I got some good ideas, I must confess.
At some point he asked me if there were some other fishing techniques or alternative styles. “Is it always just a fishing rod, reel, bait, and waiting in sport fishing?” he asked.
Of course it is the most common way to fish but it is not the only way to fish. In sport fishing, there are different techniques and tools for fishing depending on the type of fish you want to catch. There are even games you can play with friends or family.
One of Murphy’s laws says that if something can be used for something else besides its original use, someone will do it. Some techniques or methods are more dangerous or fun than others.
Before I could explain him about some fun ways to fish as well as others too dangerous to practice for a starter, I don’t know why it came to my mind a piece from the New Testament that says that Jesus is reported to have said to his disciples: “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (Matthew 4:19). Then I said that in those times, fishing with a net in a group was considered an honest effort to make a living. I don’t know if he is a religious man, but he agreed with that idea.
Some of you might not like the techniques discussed here. Others will love them; it is a mater of diversity and sportsmanship.
One of the first fishing techniques we discussed and one I like, is Hand
Fishing, also known as Trout Tickling or Noodling if you are fishing
catfish. Noodling doesn’t require any kind of fishing tool but your hand
and it is fun, just try it sometime. It is also possible to fish lobsters
when you are diving or “Pearl” Fishing.
A variant of it is the Hand-Line Fishing. You just need a line and a small piece of wood or something to roll the line. I’ve seen this done at some beaches in Mexico but, as far as I know, this is illegal in Kansas.
Another “ancestral” way to fish is Spear Fishing. Traditional Spear
Fishing is restricted to shallow waters, but the development of the spear
gun has made this method much more efficient. Fishing can be done with an
ordinary spear or a specialized variant such as an eel spear or with a
long or short trident. You can be at a river shore or in the water with
basic or complete scuba equipment. A variant of this is “Bow Fishing”
which might not be fun if you keep losing arrows!!
Net Fishing is another method of sport fishing. All fishing nets are
meshes that are usually knotted by a relatively thin thread. Modern nets
are usually made of nylon, although nets made of wool or silk thread were
common until recently and are still used in certain areas. The casting net is circular and the diameter varies. The way to use it is sinking it at the same time you make a forward motion from surface-down to bottom and then up. There is a chance that you catch something else, but hey, some coracles are as good as fish, besides this is also the way they are caught.
Trawling is a fishing method that involves pulling a fishing net through
the water behind one or more boats. In Mexico there is a place where the
nets simulate butterflies wings and fish like this. A gill net catches
fish which try to pass through it by snagging on the gill covers. Thus
trapped, the fish can neither advance trough the net nor retreat.
I find Kite Fishing very exotic. It was invented in China and then learned by people in New Guinea and other Pacific Islands. It is a very
non-traditional way of fishing for a newbie getting into the fishing
world. It was used by people who did not have a boat to fish, but also was very handy when fishing conditions were difficult or the fishing places were inaccessible or dangerous.
Ice Fishing, do I have to say more? Just get a line, a hook and open a
hole in the ice, just don’t put your hand in it!
Fish Trapping is another way for fishing. There are two types of traps:
the semi-permanent and the permanent. Depending on the type of fish you
want to get, the traps can be several feet long to relatively short. An
example is dam fishing by building a temporary dam in such a way that
makes it easier to catch the fish. Other types are the tripods used in the Congo and the weir structures or baskets used in medieval times. The
baskets or weir structures are built according to the fish to catch
Another “natural” way to fish, involves trained animals like cormorant,
remoras and dogs.
Fishing using toxins is not a healthy way for catching fish. There are
some natural toxins found in some plants, and the main idea is to paralyze the fish so you can easily catch it by hand. The fish either dies right after suffocating or later in transport. This is not only dangerous because you can get poisoned too, but it is illegal.
In my opinion, using explosives are not only dangerous for you if you
don’t know how to handle explosives, but also for the environment. It
kills by direct hit or shockwave. The worst thing about it is that it is not selective.
Another dangerous practice is electro-fishing. It sounds like a new dance,
but actually is a fishing technique that involves electricity. Depending
on the type of fish, you can select the voltage (a bit of electrical
knowledge would be good) to stun the fish. The problem is that you can
also injure a diver and he can get really mad at you. The device is supposed to be secure for water usage since it has a dead-man-switch in case you fall in the water.
So my Padawan learner might want to get into other fishing techniques. And I hope he does as long as he doesn’t blow up a lake or electrocute someone else, after all, fishing is a gentlemen’s sport based on honest effort.
“Tony the Tuna” is a fishing enthusiast and a regular contributor writer for Fly-Fishing-North-America.com. If you want to learn more about fly fishing visit http://www.fly-fishing-north-america.com