Dialer Watch is a vital part of your CCNA and CCNP studies, particularly for the BCRAN exam, but it’s one of the most misunderstood technologies as well. To help you pass the CCNA and CCNP certification exams, here’s a detailed look at Dialer Watch.
Dialer Watch allows you to configure a route or routes as “watched” when the watched route leaves the routing table and there is no other valid route to that specific destination, the ISDN link will come up. In the following example, R1 and R2 are connected by both a Frame Relay cloud over the 18.104.22.168 /24 network and an ISDN cloud using the 22.214.171.124 /24 network. The routers are running OSPF over the Frame cloud, and R1 is advertising its loopback of 126.96.36.199/32 as well as an Ethernet segment, 10.1.1.0/24, via OSPF. R2 has both of these routes in its OSPF table, as shown below.
R2#show ip route ospf
188.8.131.52/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets
O 184.108.40.206 [110/65] via 220.127.116.11, 00:00:07, Serial0
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
O 10.1.1.0 [110/128] via 18.104.22.168, 00:00:08, Serial0
We want R2 to place a call to R1 if either the loopback or Ethernet networks leave R2′s routing table, but we don’t want to have to depend on interesting traffic. That dictates the use of Dialer Watch.
First, configure the list of watched routes with dialer watch-list. Only one of the watched routes needs to leave the routing table for the ISDN link to come up. In this example, R2 will watch both routes from its OSPF routing table.
Be careful with this command. The entries here need to match exactly the routes and masks being watched. Dialer watch-lists use subnet masks, not wildcard masks.
R2(config)#dialer watch-list 5 ip 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0
R2(config)#dialer watch-list 5 ip 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.255
Configure the dialer watch-group command on the BRI interface, AND frame map statements for the watched routes. As with dialer-list and dialer-group, the group number referenced in the dialer watch-group command must match the number assigned to the dialer watch-list.
The Dialer Watch configuration will not work without frame map statements for each watched route. I repeat this because this is the step a lot of people leave out.
R2(config-if)#dialer watch-group 5
R2(config-if)# dialer map ip 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.255. name R1 5557777 broadcast
R2(config-if)# dialer map ip 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 name R1 5557777 broadcast
To test Dialer Watch, the Serial0 interface on R2 will be shut down. Since we’re running OSPF, the route table will be updated almost immediately and the ISDN link should come up right after that.
01:12:47: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 188.8.131.52 on Serial0 from FULL to DOWN, N
eighbor Down: Interface down or detached
01:12:47: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface BRI0:1, changed state to up
01:12:48: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
01:12:48: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface BRI0:1, changed state
01:12:49: %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0, changed state to administratively
01:12:50: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0, changed state
01:12:53: %ISDN-6-CONNECT: Interface BRI0:1 is now connected to 5557777 R1
Within five seconds, the ISDN link is up. show dialer verifies that Dialer Watch is the reason the line was brought up.
BRI0 – dialer type = ISDN
Dial String Successes Failures Last DNIS Last status
5557777 2 0 00:00:11 successful
0 incoming call(s) have been screened.
0 incoming call(s) rejected for callback.
BRI0:1 – dialer type = ISDN
Idle timer (120 secs), Fast idle timer (20 secs)
Wait for carrier (30 secs), Re-enable (15 secs)
Dialer state is data link layer up
Dial reason: Dialing on watched route loss
Time until disconnect 108 secs
Connected to 5557777 (R1)
A final note regarding Dialer Watch … it will not work with RIP, but will with all our other dynamic IGPs (IGRP, EIGRP, OSPF).
Chris Bryant, CCIE #12933, is the owner of The Bryant Advantage, home of free CCNA and CCNP tutorials, The Ultimate CCNA Study Package, and Ultimate CCNP Study Packages.
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