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A Glance into the History of Plumbing


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Early man’s paramount preoccupations were very uncomplicated: to mark feasible water sources, as well as to identify an ideal site for defecation and micturation. In the olden days, when people numbered in the hundreds of thousands, they can always transfer to point B once they’ve spent resources in point A. In time, as individuals flourished, civilization progressed, and tribal associations came to be more fixed, individuals had to devise practical methods to find water and get rid of waste.

Wells date back to the Neolithic period during which they served as key water sources. Meanwhile, people devised pit commodes and chamber pots to accommodate nightsoil for centuries, till the innovation of flush commodes. The Romans were amongst the very first to establish a sophisticated network of aqueducts and lead pipelines. Indeed, the word “plumbing” comes from plumbum, which is Latin for “lead”, and this explains why, up until today, lead’s chemical abbreviation on the periodic table of elements is Pb.

Throughout the Dark Ages, human waste was recycled as fertilizer. Not only did it improve the quality of medieval soils, but the potassium nitrate extracted from these soils was a significant gunpowder element. Like the Romans, the English were well regarded during this time for continually enhancing their water line systems.

By the 19th century, flush commodes quickly overtook other waste disposal methods in the civilized world, and the germ concept of infection took hold; the 1854 cholera epidemic in Broad Street, London strengthened the groundbreaking theory. Hygienic water supplies were segregated from sewage systems, and water towers were raised. Methods for water sanitation continued to develop throughout the 20th century.

American plumbing systems evolved at approximately the same period as those in the United Kingdom. Toilets were likewise known as water closets, and they transformed continuously; to illustrate, during the period from 1900-1932, the U.S. Patent Office sorted 350 patent submissions for water closets alone. The Office authorized the applications of a couple New England men named Charles Neff and Robert Frame; Fred Adee further enhanced their patents about ten years after. Extra functions—such as backflow preventers, valves, and toilet storage tanks—were patented and ultimately came to be as typical components of the kind of plumbing Coral Springs residents these days make use of.

Meanwhile, desalination procedures became particularly useful in locations that had very little potable water supplies. As an example, the Biscayne Aquifer is the single potable water source for Margate, as well as several Floridian districts. Because this aquifer is near a body of salt water, it has to be desalinated as well as sanitized to make it harmless for Margate plumbing systems.

Coral Springs plumbing has gone a long way from earthen wares to pipelines. You can expect people to continue refining plumbing systems for foreseeable future generations. For additional information on the history of water lines, check out inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/Plumbing.htm.

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  • Posted On July 9, 2012
  • Published articles 10

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