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Development process of China mineral industry


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The mineral industry conducts business related to using minerals, which are chemical solids that occur naturally in land formations. Minerals used in the industry are typically mined from the ground. The mineral industry mines a wide variety of minerals used for many purposes. Commonly known minerals include jewels like diamonds, metals like gold and silver, and building materials like gypsum, used frequently in drywall. Though the mineral industry is a profitable industry that produces goods for the economy, its presence in some areas can create or exacerbate money-related conflicts.

Industrial minerals are often mined for commercial use, including salts used for cooking, minerals used as medicine, or gemstones used for jewelry. Many gemstones used for jewelry can also work as abrasives in products or industrial processes. Though not generally thought of this way, coal is also considered an industrial mineral. Coal is a source of energy like natural gas or oil, but it is also a solid mineral mined from the earth.

For the mineral industry, the period from the founding of the new China to the completion of the First Five-Year Plan was a stage of vigorous development. In this period, the stress of the national construction was laid on the heavy industry and agriculture, so the mineral exploration and development work was carried out, taking mineral energy resources, raw materials for the iron-steel industry and raw materials for chemical fertilizers of agricultural use as the main targets.

At that time, the mineral exploration and development activities were unfolded in two aspects: one is to make a survey of the resources of the existing mines so as to create resource prerequisites for the restoration and expansion of the production of the old mines; the other is to undertake geological exploration in the new prospects with more favorable ore-forming geological conditions with the aim to find out new mineral occurrences, so as to provide new bases of mineral raw materials for constructing new mines and expanding the sale of mineral development. Thanks to the arduous efforts of the workers engaged in the mineral industry, not only a large number of mines such as the Anshan Iron Mine, Kailuan Coal Mine, Datong Coal Mine and Jiangxi Xihuashan Tungsten Mine restored and developed their production, but also a group of large mineral deposits including the world-ranking Shizhuyuan tungsten deposit of Hunan, Dexing copper deposit of Jiangxi, Bayan Obo rare earths deposit. As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as combination crusher, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service. impact crusher:http://www.hxjqchina.com/product-list_12.html
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What is worthy of special attention is that major discoveries and progresses were made in uranium mineral exploration, which laid a foundation for the development of the nuclear industry. In this period, as a result of substantial and fruitful mineral exploration work, the resource prospectives of old mines were expanded, a large number of mineral occurrences evaluated, some new varieties of mineral resources discovered, and the number of the mineral resources varieties with explored reserves increased from 2 in 1952 to 74 in 1957 (including 4 varieties of energy mineral resources, 27 varieties of metallic mineral resources and 43 varieties of nonmetallic mineral resources), thus energetically promoting the vigorous development of the mineral production and the mineral processing industry. In 1957, China produced 131 million tons of raw coal, 1.46 million tons of crude oil, 19.37 million tons of iron ore, 5.35 million tons of steel, 5.541 tons of gold, 151,000 tons of chemical fertilizer, 633,000 tons of sulphuric acid, 6.858 million tons of cement, 4.298 million wt. cases of plate glass and 8.277 million tons of salt. These outputs were 1.36-35.6 times those in 1949, respectively. 

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  • Posted On May 19, 2012
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