Alopecia is best defined as hair loss that leads to calvicie. There are many alopecia types, such as Androgenic Alopecia, Scarring Alopecia, Diffuse Alopecia, Alopecia Totalis, Alopecia Universalis and Alopecia Areata. There are different types of mild to moderate pattern of calvicie. Whilst some of these conditions are considered to be genetic disorders, some occur as a result of certain dysfunctions. The immune system of the body often attacks the hair follicles, which prevents hair growth. Normally, the hair follicles are present on the scalp to contribute to hair growth, but dysfunctions of immune system cause problems. If these dysfunctions are corrected, the problem can be healed.
Diffuse alopecia is one of the common conditions among the elderly, including males as well as females. It is a condition typically characterized by thinning of scalp hair. Androgenic alopecia is also a common condition that affects men. It is called male pattern calvicie that can happen to younger and older people. However, despite the masculine name of this condition, even women are vulnerable to this type of calvicie. People with a history of this condition can inherit the same from their ancestors. The presence of excessive male hormone androgen is the primary cause of this condition. Over production of androgen around the scalp hair follicles tends to block the growth of hair. Women develop this condition after attaining menopause, when their body produces lesser female hormones.
Alopecia areate is another condition that causes temporary calvicie or bald patches. This condition also runs in families. It usually strokes first in childhood and eventually aggravates. Poor immune system is the primary cause of this condition. When immune functions are not normal, the natural defenses of the body tend to attack its tissues. People with autoimmune diseases, such as pernicious anemia, thyroid disease or similar ones are affected by this type of alopecia. It can even lad to complete total body hair loss/alopecia universalis calvicie/alopecia totalis.
Deep-seated fungal or bacterial infection of skin is the cause of Scarring Alopecia. The affected areas will never regrow hair, thus leaving permanent patches on the scalp. Causes of calvicie are varied- allergies, toxins, irritants, infections, injuries and genetic factors are to name a few. There are certain medications that lead to these conditions as well, such as steroid antibiotics, radiation, chronic kidney diseases, chemotherapy etc. Hair loss is also common due to an overdose of vitamin A, pregnancy, thyroid dysfunction, high fever and conditions.
Although there are several medications for calvicie, including strong steroids, corticosteroids and natural remedies, these seldom help in producing good results. In case of severe alopecia, these medications will help in improving the condition; however, cure cannot be expected. The ultimate solution that is now available for hair loss is hair transplant. It is a surgical procedure through which artificial hair is implanted. While hair transplant has been one of the most successful procedures till date, it does not assure permanent hair growth. Hair loss in the future can simply ruin the transplant. It is best to wear wigs and take good care of hair, and particularly the scalp. If the cause is not hereditary, it is possible to improve the condition over time.
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