Here’s something most people don’t wish to know: Every spider in Fort Smith, AR is venomous.
That’s right. In fact, no matter where you are on the planet, every single spider you’ve actually seen or ever will see injects venom when this bites. But there’s a huge silver lining to this cloud. Except for a number of species, no spider ever injects enough venom to complete the slightest bit of harm to a human.
As you probably know, the vast majority of spiders use their webs to catch insects, which they eat later, although while the bug is still alive. The venom that spiders deliver using their bites is usually just toxic enough to paralyze their own prey.
So naturally, if a spider’s venom is actually powerful enough to simply temporarily subdue a mosquito or perhaps a housefly, there’s no chance at the venom will cause any problems for a person. It may hurt, just like a horsefly bite or perhaps a bee sting, but there’s nothing more to be worried about beyond that.
Well, in most cases there’s absolutely nothing more.
Arkansas is home to over 500 species associated with spiders, and there are only two that may cause significant damage: The black widow and also the brown recluse. Most people are familiar with these two spiders, but in case a person aren’t, you can recognize the black widow by its eponymous color and also the red hourglass shape upon its underbelly. Brown recluse spiders are likewise brown and their size, including both the body and the leg span, is usually no larger than a quarter. Sometimes they are marked with a darker brown fiddle shape on their back, but they aren’t always; in fact, some of the brown recluse’s cousins that aren’t dangerous to humans also provide the fiddle markings.
Black widows are usually a bit smaller than the brown recluse, but their venom is 15 times more powerful than a rattlesnake’s. The hourglass-marked spider, however, is not physically able to inject nearly as much venom as a poisonous snake, so fatalities from black widow bites are extremely rare.
What’s more, black widows are not really particularly aggressive, and most bites result from spiders who have discovered their way into shoes or clothing that the person puts on later. Their bites, however, are very painful and can cause nausea, fever, and muscle cramping round the site of the bite and particularly in the abdomen and back.
Brown recluse bites, on the other hand, aren’t very painful; many victims recount they never even felt the actual bite. The pain hits up to three hours or so later, which comes with a blister-like wound and intense pain in the site of the bite.
The primary concern with bites from the brown recluse is which its venom causes necrosis of the flesh around the area of injection. In other words, the tissue dies and appears to have been scraped away or even scooped out afterward as the wound slowly heals.
If you are actually bitten by either of these two spiders, you should try to identify the type of spider that has bitten you and promptly seek medical assistance. Treatments vary depending on the kind of spider that has bitten you.
You should try to learn more about identifying venomous bots, because not all from the bigger varieties are harmful. Large spiders like the most popular garden spider, the wolf spider, and even a species of tarantula, make their homes within Arkansas. A pest management professional can educate you on more about distinguishing advantageous spiders from dangerous ones in addition to how to control their populations and prevent bites in your home.