The stages of cancer are a description of the degree to which the cancer has spread out all over the body. It’s usually specified in Roman form (I to IV). The stage of cancer often takes into consideration the size and volume of the cancer cells or tumors. One more specification is precisely how the tumors have penetrated the organs, exactly how many lymph nodes it has metastasized to and if it has extended to distant organs.
What’s the importance of knowing the stage of a cancer patient’s cancer?
The staging of cancer is important to gauge or predict a patient’s survival and to offer them alternative cancer treatments that are mainly essential in the stage of cancer that the patient has. On the other hand, knowing the stage of cancer the patient has does not help to lessen the anguish or even lowering the stage of cancer the patient has.
Exactly how do they take into account the staging of a cancer patient?
The right and correct staging of cancer is essential because with this way, the cancer treatment centers and the doctors determines up to what degree the medication goes. And just like any other disease, improper or incorrect staging of cancer may also result in improper treatment and will impact the patient’s survival.
The stages of cancer and its specifications
1. Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) – indeed, cancer has stage zero (0); this is the initial phase of cancer that is defined by the lack of invasion of tumor cells to the surrounding tissues. In this stage, cancer starts to grow and is ready to attack the tissues and cells of the body.
2. Stage I – in this stage, cancer has been formed. This stage is divided into two: IA and IB. In IA the tumor is about 2 centimeters or smaller and has not even spread throughout. In IB, there are no tumors found in the breast but small clusters of cancer cells will be found in the lymph nodes. It can also be the tumor is about 2 centimeters or smaller and small clusters or cancer cells are located in the lymph nodes.
3. Stage II – the stage II of this cancer is also split into two just like the first stage. Stage IIA doesn’t have tumor found, but cancer is found in the axillary lymph nodes. It can also be a tumor at 2 centimeters or smaller which has spread to the axillary nodes or a tumor which is around 2 centimeters although not larger than 5 centimeters and hasn’t spread to the axillary nodes. Stage IIB, the tumor will likely be larger than 2 centimeters however, not bigger than 5 centimeters and has extended into the axillary nodes or it can be larger than 5 centimeters but has not spread into the axillary nodes.
4. Stage III – Stage II has three classifications. IIIA, is classified as no tumors found however cancer cells will probably be found in the axillary nodes that are linked to each other. In IIIB, the cancer has spread and may have spread in the axillary nodes which may be attached to each other to other structures or the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes. In IIC, the cancer tumors have spread all over the lymph nodes and may have spread to the axillary nodes as well; it may also be in any size.
5. Stage IV – With this stage, the cancer has spread through the entire other organs of the body, in most cases to the bones, lungs, liver or in the brain.
Doctors have various types of information about cancer to figure out its stage. Whatever or however the cancer is staged, it is essential to distinguish it to provide or render primary measures to it. Usually, alternative cancer treatments are advised by many cancer treatment centers.
New Hope Medical Center offers one of the most comprehensive Cancer treatments ever developed. With more than 12 years of offering Alternative Treatments for Cancer, New Hope Medical Center believes each person deserves a personal & individualized approach to treating Cancer.