Recently, the mayor of New York tried putting a municipal ban on sales of large sodas and other sugary drinks in public places.1 While the proposal fueled a heated response over how much control the government should have over public choice, it did serve to remind us that obesity is a growing epidemic with serious implications on our health. Today, two-thirds of the American population is overweight and about one-third is considered clinically obese. According to RAND economist Roland Sturm, Ph.D, the obesity rate in the United States increased by 24% during the years 2000 to 2005. But more significantly, the number of people who were morbidly obese, that is with a BMI over 40, grew by 50% (twice as fast); and those with a BMI over 50 grew 75 percent (three times faster).2 By 2015, the percentage of obese or overweight Americans is expected to rise to 75 percent of the adult population.3
When you consider the growing obesity rate and the number of innovative formulations currently available for purchase on the market, it’s no wonder that the weight loss industry is booming these days. Supplement companies that are looking to enter the weight loss market need to remember that magic bullets or weight loss aids that promise overnight weight loss no longer resonate with savvy consumers. Instead, trends are turning towards nutraceutical products, supported by science, that work with the body’s natural systems to promote weight loss alongside an individual’s diet and weight loss program.4
Studies behind green coffee extract for weight loss
A recent meta-analysis, published in Gastroenterology Research and Practice, identified five studies conducted on green coffee. Parameters were determined for evaluation, and out of the five studies three were included in the meta-analysis. Analytical results revealed a significant difference in body mass in participants who were given green coffee extracts as compared to those given a placebo.5
A study published in the Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity journal found that 16 overweight participants, who were given a daily tablet of green coffee extracts, lost 10 percent of their body fat by the end of 22 weeks! The 16 participants had Body Mass Indexes between 25 and 30, and were between the ages of 22 to 46 years old. The group acted as their own control group because they were all given different doses and the placebo. During the trial they were given a low dose of 700 mg of green coffee extra, a high dose of 1,050 mg and a placebo. On average, the participants consumed 2,400 calories and calorie expenditure was about 400 calories. They did not change their diet, but were physically active. Participants lost more weight when the dose of green coffee extracts was high.6
At the end of the study, participants lost, on average, 17 pounds resulting in a 10.5 percent decrease in overall body fat. Another advantage of green coffee extract is that it did not have any side effects. While these findings were preliminary and more studies need to be conducted, it does open up a potential variety of weight loss formulations using green coffee extract.
How does green coffee work for weight loss?
Scientists theorize that natural components in green coffee prevent weight gain and fat accumulation by inhibiting fat absorption and activating fat metabolism in the liver. These mysterious weight loss benefits could be because of a phenolic compound in unroasted green coffee called chlorogenic acid. While roasting removes much of the bitterness from coffee making it a palatable drink, it, unfortunately, also removes chlorogenic acid, the component believed to bring weight loss benefits.
Chlorogenic acid is believed to inhibit the hydrolysis of glucose-6-phosphatase, an enzyme responsible for the release of glucose from the liver. Since the activity of glucose-6-phosphatase is inhibited, the body draws glucose from deposits in adipose tissues. Because glucose is drawn from adipose tissues instead of the liver, weight loss is stimulated. Studies have shown that chlorogenic acids have high bioavailability in humans.7
The sports and nutrition weight loss market is valued at $25.8 billion in the United States, recording an 11 percent growth from 2006 to 2011, according to Nutrition Business Journal.8 Green coffee extracts with science-backed benefits for weight loss are a promising nutraceutical. Chlorogenic acids found in green coffee also have health benefits to influence glucose and fat metabolism.9
Manufacturing green coffee weight loss supplements
Contact a GMP certified tablet manufactureror capsule manufacturer today to learn how you can go about manufacturing a green coffee extract supplement that adequately meets the weight loss needs of your customers. Partnering with a manufacturer that offers in-house manufacturing, packaging, labeling and warehousing services can help you save time and money and can help you go to market with your product faster!